CBD 101: Let’s Talk About Terpenes

The rise of popularity in the cannabis industry has brought with it a whole new world of terms. 

Now, as CBD products have become more widely-circulated, there’s a new buzz-word on the block; terpenes. 

What are Cannabis Terpenes? 

If you’ve had exposure to anything cannabis-related, you might be wondering, “what are cannabis terpenes, and do they matter?”

Yes, they matter! 

Simply put, cannabis terpenes are natural compounds found in the flower/bud of the cannabis plant. These compounds are responsible for cannabis’ aroma, and are thought to help increase the healing properties of the plant.

If you’re familiar with essential oils, terpenes are a similar concept; lavender essential oil helps you to relax, and stop an itchy bug bite. Peppermint oil help lessen a headache, and lemon is great for all your natural cleaning needs. Terpenes are similar, and are actually found in essential oils. They are attributed to uplifting, relaxing, or healing effects. 

Astonishingly, there are over 200 different kinds of terpenes that have been identified in the cannabis plant, and each individual terpene is associated with its own unique effects!

Even though the medicinal benefits of terpenes are still being researched, recent studies have shown that they work in synergy with CBD, and other cannabinoids, to improve the value of cannabis products. The most important value of terpenes, when it comes to cannabinoids, is that they help speed up the absorption of cannabinoids into the bloodstream.

Is There a Difference Between “Terpenes” and “Terpenoids”?

Even though these terms are commonly used interchangeably, terpenes and terpenoids are not the same thing.

Terpenes are the naturally-occurring combination of hydrogen and carbon (pure hydrocarbons) while terpenoids are terpenes that are altered through an oxidation process (chemical modification). 

Terpenes in Rosebud CBD

Typically, profiles showing cannabinoid and terpene content are not readily-available to the public. So, in our recent third-party lab tests, we requested testing for the terpene profile of our current Rosebud CBD batch. 

Listed below, in order of abundance, is Rosebud CBD’s terpene profile:

  • Alpha-Bisabolol
    • Often used in skin care, this is not considered a major terpene. 
    • Flavor/Scent: mildly sweet, floral scent
    • Also found in: chamomile
    • Possible healing benefits: anti-inflammatory, healing, soothing, and anti-microbial properties. Some consider it a relaxant, contributing to a more relaxed overall well-being for those who struggle with depression, anxiety, and insomnia.
  • Guaiol
    • Not considered a major terpene. Has been used extensively in natural medicine.
    • Flavor/Scent: pine-like aromas, wood and rose
    • Also found in: wood from cypress pine and guaiacum (an evergreen tree)
    • Possible healing benefits: Antioxidant, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory
  • Beta-Caryophyllene
    • A common and abundant terpene found in cannabis. This is the first (and only) non-cannabinoid found to directly activate CB2 receptors in our endocannabinoid system.
    • Flavor/Scent: peppery, woody, and or spicy
    • Also found in: cloves, hops, and rosemary
    • Possible healing benefits: anti-chronic pain, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive properties
  • Beta-Myrcene
    • Produced by a number of cannabis strains, this terpene is said to be naturally synergistic with THC. It has been shown to increase the maximum saturation level of the CB1 receptor.
    • Flavor/Scent: musky, earthy, herbal – akin to cloves
    • Also found in: mangoes, hops, bay laurel leaves, thyme, lemongrass, and basil
    • Possible healing benefits: Anti-inflammatory, Analgesic (pain relief), Antibiotic, Sedative, Antimutagenic
  • Alpha-Humulene
    • This common terpene is found in both hops and cannabis, and is attributed to giving beers their taste and smell. 
    • Flavor/Scent: earthy, woody, and spicy
    • Also found in: hops, cannabis sativa strains, and Vietnamese coriander
    • Possible healing benefits: anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and appetite suppressant
  • Alpha-Pinene
    • A common and abundant terpene found in cannabis.
    • Flavor/Scent: pine and fir
    • Also found in: mostly in other conifers, balsamic resin, pine woods and some citrus fruits
    • Possible healing benefits: alertness, memory retention, may reduce anxiety and pain
  • D-Limonene
    • A common and abundant terpene found in cannabis.
    • Flavor/Scent: fruity and citrusy
    • Also found in: many everyday fruits and fruit rinds
    • Possible healing benefits: Anxiety, depression, pain, inflammation, elevate mood

While cannabis terpenes are generally not known to produce any side effects, everyone’s experience with cannabinoids is unique. Consider talking to your healthcare provider before adding cannabis terpenes to your wellness routine. 

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